Bhilwara is situated between 25°.00' to 27°.50' North Latitude and 74°.03' to 75°.25'
East Longitude. It is 100 meters above the sea level. It is 260 km. away from Jaipur.
Northern Border of the district touches district Ajmer, North-West Border touches
district Rajsamand, South & South-East Border touches district Chittorgarh and East
& East-North Border touches district Bundi & Tonk.
Banas is only one main seasonal river in the District it's tributories are Bedach,
Kothari & Khari. Other rivers are Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagri. There is
not any natural lake in the district but on the other hand there are number of ponds
and dams so the district is the most irrigated through the ponds in the state of
It rises in the Arravali hills in the North in the Udaipur district.The river Banas
enters Bhilwara near village Doodiya tehsil Bhilwara.It approaches the hills of
Mandalgarh and is joined by the river berach on the right bank and Kothari on the
left at Nandrai in Kotri tehsil. It then flows towards the North and then North-East
direction along the western side of the Jahazpur tehsil and enters Tonk district.
Banas is not a perennial river. In summer it usually contains only pools of water.
The chief feeders of the river are Mansi, Khari and Menali
The Berach river rises in the hills to the North of Udaipur and enters the district
near the village Barundani and joins the river Banas near Bigod at Triveni Sangam
in Mandalgarh tehsil. It passes through a little portaion of Bhilwara district.
The river rises from the Aravali hills near Devgarh in the Rajsamand district. It
flows in tehsil Raipur , Mandal , Bhilwara and Kotri and ultimately joins the river
Banas at Nandrai in Kotri tehsil.
It originates near Devgarh in the Rajsamand district and runs from the South to
the North-East in the western half of the district and then runs parallel to the
districts boundaries in the North. After leaving the district in the North it finally
merges with the Banas. It is joined by the Mansi river in the tehsil Shahpura.
Some small rivers are Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga, Nagdi & Mejh.
BHILWARA is called "ZOO OF MINERALS". The main categories of minerals found in Bhilwara
are as follows:
District is famous throughout the country as a mica mining centre. It is considerably
found Bhilwara, Jahazpur,Mandal and Sahada tehsils. It is the most important major
mineral of Rajasthan from the point of view of production, sale value and royalty.
Apparently, it looks like a soft coloured glass sheets of different sizes. Chemically,
however, it is a hydrated silicate of potassium and aluminum. It possesses some
notable physical properties which makes it indispensable for the electrical industry.
Mica has high insulating properties ,as such it is a bad conductor of heat. Mica
in Rajasthan occurs in the pegmatite's intruding the aravali mica schists.
It is made out of soft and compact talcose rocks having a soapy feel that could
be sawn and worked. It is medium of fine grained , greenish-Grey, generally massive
variety of talc mineral which is a hydrous silicate of magnesia. It is found at
Chainpura,Ghewaria, Bagore and Bhiwara. Soapstone is used commercially in paper,
rubber, textile and toilet industries. Besides, it is used as talcum powder, polishing
agent and asinsecticide and an insulating material.
Extensive slag heaps are lying in the district at Dariba, Chenpura. Here, old workings
for copper exist along the range of quartzite hills. Generally the copper mineral
found at all these places has been chalcopyrite i.e. copper pyrite. It is found
disseminated in schist's and phyllites.
Felspar and Quartz
Good variety of these minerals are found in the pegmaties , specially at Jahazpur,
Paroli and Sangod.
A plenty of variety of this material is found at Mangrop (Suwana) in the district
. It is used as base component in preparation of Mica bricks and pottery.
It had one time much reputation as a gem stone but being common, it has lost its
importance. In Bhilwara Garnet crystals occur near Kamalpura, Salaria, Deoria and
Banera. Garnets have commercial importance as a cheap abrasive material used in
wood working and glass industries.
It is silicate of beryllium and alumna. Principally it is found associated with
pegmatites and is produced in a large measure as a by product of Mica and Felspar
industry. It is found in Jahazpur and collected by all the leases of mica in the
Asbestos is a fibrous variety of silicate minerals with are noted for heat resisting
properties . The fibers are flexible and easy to separate. It is worked at Sojatgarh,
It is first refined and then exported to Mumbai and Kolkata.
Glass sand or silica is found in tehsil Asind. It is an extra ordinary mineral containing
impurities of Alumina and Iron oxide to a small degree. It is exploited for use
in various glass and steel industries in the country.
The Building stone locally now as Balua is considerably worked at Mandalgarh and
Bijolyan. It is found in slabs of varying colours. viz.white, red and gray. It is
used in roofing of buildings. Bijoliyan stone slabs are considered to be the best
in the area.
In addition to above minerals Flourite is available in Asind tehsil .It is used
by steel plants and glass factories. Limestone is found near Jahajpur.