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Geography

Geographical Location

Bhilwara is situated between 25°.00' to 27°.50' North Latitude and 74°.03' to 75°.25' East Longitude. It is 100 meters above the sea level. It is 260 km. away from Jaipur. Northern Border of the district touches district Ajmer, North-West Border touches district Rajsamand, South & South-East Border touches district Chittorgarh and East & East-North Border touches district Bundi & Tonk.

Major Rivers

Banas is only one main seasonal river in the District it's tributories are Bedach, Kothari & Khari. Other rivers are Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagri. There is not any natural lake in the district but on the other hand there are number of ponds and dams so the district is the most irrigated through the ponds in the state of Rajasthan.

Banas
It rises in the Arravali hills in the North in the Udaipur district.The river Banas enters Bhilwara near village Doodiya tehsil Bhilwara.It approaches the hills of Mandalgarh and is joined by the river berach on the right bank and Kothari on the left at Nandrai in Kotri tehsil. It then flows towards the North and then North-East direction along the western side of the Jahazpur tehsil and enters Tonk district. Banas is not a perennial river. In summer it usually contains only pools of water. The chief feeders of the river are Mansi, Khari and Menali

Berach
The Berach river rises in the hills to the North of Udaipur and enters the district near the village Barundani and joins the river Banas near Bigod at Triveni Sangam in Mandalgarh tehsil. It passes through a little portaion of Bhilwara district.

Kothari
The river rises from the Aravali hills near Devgarh in the Rajsamand district. It flows in tehsil Raipur , Mandal , Bhilwara and Kotri and ultimately joins the river Banas at Nandrai in Kotri tehsil.

Khari
It originates near Devgarh in the Rajsamand district and runs from the South to the North-East in the western half of the district and then runs parallel to the districts boundaries in the North. After leaving the district in the North it finally merges with the Banas. It is joined by the Mansi river in the tehsil Shahpura.

Others Rivers
Some small rivers are Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga, Nagdi & Mejh.

Minerals
BHILWARA is called "ZOO OF MINERALS". The main categories of minerals found in Bhilwara are as follows:

Mica
District is famous throughout the country as a mica mining centre. It is considerably found Bhilwara, Jahazpur,Mandal and Sahada tehsils. It is the most important major mineral of Rajasthan from the point of view of production, sale value and royalty. Apparently, it looks like a soft coloured glass sheets of different sizes. Chemically, however, it is a hydrated silicate of potassium and aluminum. It possesses some notable physical properties which makes it indispensable for the electrical industry. Mica has high insulating properties ,as such it is a bad conductor of heat. Mica in Rajasthan occurs in the pegmatite's intruding the aravali mica schists.

Soapstone
It is made out of soft and compact talcose rocks having a soapy feel that could be sawn and worked. It is medium of fine grained , greenish-Grey, generally massive variety of talc mineral which is a hydrous silicate of magnesia. It is found at Chainpura,Ghewaria, Bagore and Bhiwara. Soapstone is used commercially in paper, rubber, textile and toilet industries. Besides, it is used as talcum powder, polishing agent and asinsecticide and an insulating material.

Copper
Extensive slag heaps are lying in the district at Dariba, Chenpura. Here, old workings for copper exist along the range of quartzite hills. Generally the copper mineral found at all these places has been chalcopyrite i.e. copper pyrite. It is found disseminated in schist's and phyllites.

Felspar and Quartz
Good variety of these minerals are found in the pegmaties , specially at Jahazpur, Paroli and Sangod.

White Clay
A plenty of variety of this material is found at Mangrop (Suwana) in the district . It is used as base component in preparation of Mica bricks and pottery.

Garnet
It had one time much reputation as a gem stone but being common, it has lost its importance. In Bhilwara Garnet crystals occur near Kamalpura, Salaria, Deoria and Banera. Garnets have commercial importance as a cheap abrasive material used in wood working and glass industries.

Beryl
It is silicate of beryllium and alumna. Principally it is found associated with pegmatites and is produced in a large measure as a by product of Mica and Felspar industry. It is found in Jahazpur and collected by all the leases of mica in the area.

Asbestos
Asbestos is a fibrous variety of silicate minerals with are noted for heat resisting properties . The fibers are flexible and easy to separate. It is worked at Sojatgarh, It is first refined and then exported to Mumbai and Kolkata.

Glass Sand
Glass sand or silica is found in tehsil Asind. It is an extra ordinary mineral containing impurities of Alumina and Iron oxide to a small degree. It is exploited for use in various glass and steel industries in the country.

Sand Stone
The Building stone locally now as Balua is considerably worked at Mandalgarh and Bijolyan. It is found in slabs of varying colours. viz.white, red and gray. It is used in roofing of buildings. Bijoliyan stone slabs are considered to be the best in the area.

In addition to above minerals Flourite is available in Asind tehsil .It is used by steel plants and glass factories. Limestone is found near Jahajpur.
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